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4 edition of Phthalate esters in the aquatic environment found in the catalog.

Phthalate esters in the aquatic environment

Phthalate esters in the aquatic environment

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  • 8 Currently reading

Published by National Research Council Canada, Associate Committee on Scientific Criteria for Environmental Quality in Ottawa .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Esters,
  • Phthalic acid

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references p. 89-105.

    StatementR.C. Pierce ... [et al.].
    SeriesPublication NRCC -- no. 17583 of the Environmental Secretariat,
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQD305.A2 P58 1980
    The Physical Object
    Pagination108 p.
    Number of Pages108
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL16902652M
    LC Control Number2008396798

      Phthalate contamination in aquatic environment: A critical review of the process factors that influence their removal in conventional and advanced wastewater treatment 11 October | Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 46, No. Phthalate esters (PAEs) with endocrine disruption effects and carcinogenicity are widely detected in water environment. Occurrences of PAEs in source water and removal efficiencies of PAEs by drinking water treatment plants (DWTPs) in China were surveyed from publications in the last 10 years.

    Urban lakes are vulnerable to the accumulation of toxic and/or potentially toxic contaminants, such as phthalate esters (PAEs) from urban stormwater runoff, atmospheric deposition, as well as untreated discharge of industrial wastewater and municipal sewage. The concentrations of 16 PAEs in surface water from 15 urban lakes in the subtropical city, Guangzhou, were measured, respectively in. Phthalate esters (PAEs) are a class of endocrine disruptors that are produced and used extensively in China. Given its presence in various products, a great quantity of PAEs flows into different aquatic systems each year. Hence, it is important to study the pollution levels and ecological risk of PA .

      The environmental spatial distribution and exposure risk of 6 phthalate esters (PAEs) including dimethyl phthalate (DMP), diethyl phthalate (DEP), butyl benzyl phthalate (BBP), di-n-octyl phthalate (DnOP), bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), and dibutyl phthalate (DBP), in surface water and sediment of Taihu Lake basin, China, were investigated. The book reviews the published work on the occurance, distribution, fate, effect, and environmental impact of specific classes of compounds. Environmental Aspects and Analysis of Phenols in the Aquatic Environment. Analysis of Chlorinated Dibenzo-p-Dioxins and Dibenzofurans in the Environment. Phthalate Esters in the Aquatic Environment.


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Phthalate esters in the aquatic environment Download PDF EPUB FB2

Phthalate Esters in the Aquatic Environment By J. Kohli, J. Ryan, B. Afghan Phthalate esters or phthalic acid esters (PAEs) are terms used interchangeably to describe the esters of ortho-phthalic acid.

Phthalic acid esters have received attention as potential environmental contaminants for Cited by: 1. Get this from a library. Phthalate esters in the aquatic environment. [R C Pierce; National Research Council Canada. Associate Committee on Scientific Criteria for Environmental Quality.; National Research Council Canada.

Environmental Secretariat.; et al]. This book reviews the state of the science of phthalate esters in the environment. Key information reviewed includes analytical methodologies, a compilation of concentration measurements in water, sediment, soil, air, dust, and food, plus an assessment of critical exposure pathways.

Bradlee, P. Thomas: Aquatic Toxicity of Phthalate Esters.- R.M. David, G. Gans: Summary of Mammalian Toxicology and Health Effects for Phthalate Esters.- T. Parkerton: an Assessment of the Potential Environmental Risks Posed by Phthalates in Soil and Sediment.

About this book. About this book. Phthalate esters are an important class of chemicals widely used in commercial applications, primarily as plasticizers to soften vinyl, but are also used in consumer products.

This book reviews the state of the science of phthalate esters in the environment. Key information reviewed includes analytical methodologies, a compilation of concentration measurements in water.

Almost complete isolation of the phthalate esters from water samples was achieved by DLLME using chloroform as the extracting phase containing a minimum of 5–10% acetonitrile, isopropanol, or acetone as the disperser solvent and 10% sodium chloride as the salting-out g: aquatic environment.

Six phthalate esters have been studied for lethality, detailed studies for most of the organisms involved only DnBP. Lethal concentrations (LC50) for all the aquatic or- ganisms investigated range from 1 to 10 mg/1.

The only noted lethal threshold is at a DnBP concentration of mg/1 for rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri). This book reviews the state of the scientific knowledge of phthalate esters in the environment. Key information reported includes: analytical methodologies; a compilation of concentration. A summary of the acute toxicity of 14 phthalate esters to representative aquatic organisms.

Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry *Presents acute toxicity data for 14 phthalate esters using nine species of freshwater and marine organisms. All studies were conducted using Good Laboratory Practices. Phthalate esters are extensively used as softeners in the production of polymeric materials such as polyvinylchloride (PVC).

Since phthalate esters are not chemically bound to the polymer, they can be easily released into the environment. Urbanization has increased the discharge of phthalate esters to atmospheric and aquatic environments, and the use of agricultural plastics has exacerbated soil contamination by phthalate esters in rural areas.

Aerobic biodegradation is the primary manner of phthalate ester mineralization in the environment, and this process has been widely studied.

Phthalate ester plasticizers in freshwater systems of Venda, South Africa and potential health effects. Water SA Vol. 36(2); (). [13] O. Fatoki, and A.O. Ogunfowokan. Determination of phthalate esters plasticizers in the aquatic environment of South Western Nigeria.

Environ. Int. A great deal of attention has been paid lately to release of phthalate esters (PAEs) from polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles into PET bottled drinking water due to their potential endocrine-disrupting effects.

Three kinds of PAEs, including diethyl phthalate (DEP), dimethyl phthalate (DMP) and dibutyl phthalate (DBP), were detected in 10 popular brands of PET bottles in Beijing, ranging. Abstract. This chapter explores the bioaccumulation behavior of several phthalate esters in aquatic food-webs.

It includes: (i) a compilation of bioconcentration data from reported laboratory studies in the literature, (ii) an overview and discussion of the results from a recently completed food-web bioaccumulation field study, and (iii) an analysis of the results of a bioaccumulation modeling.

Other applications are found in cosmetics, rubbing alcohol, insect repellent, insecticides and tablet coatings (CCREM ). Although phthalate esters are insoluble in pure water, they may be transported in the aquatic environment in solubilised forms by fulvic and humic acids.

This solubilisation has been found to be pH-dependent (CCREM ). Solubility values for eight phthalate esters investigated ranged from to mg/L. Acute toxicity tests were conducted with fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) and all eight phthalate and chronic tests were conducted with rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes) using di‐2‐ethylhexylphthalate.

Nat'l Research Council Canada; Phthalate Esters in the Aquatic Environment p () NRCC No. Hazardous Substances Data Bank (HSDB) °C. ILO International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC) Flash Point.

Help. New Window. °F (USCG, ) U.S. Coast Guard. Chemical Hazard Response Information System (CHRIS) - Hazardous. Phthalate contamination in aquatic environment: A critical review of the process factors that influence their removal in conventional and advanced wastewater treatment.

Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology46 (17),   Analysis of Trace Organics in the Aquatic Environment.

DOI link for Analysis of Trace Organics in the Aquatic Environment. Analysis of Trace Organics in the Aquatic Environment book.

By B. Afghan, Alfred S.Y. Chau. Edition 1st Edition. First Published Phthalate Esters in the Aquatic Environment. By J. Kohli, J. Ryan, B. The biodegradation of DPEs in the environment results in the formation of monoalkyl phthalate esters (MPEs).

The environmental fate of MPEs is largely unknown but is important for the evaluation of DPEs. In this study, the presence, distribution, and bioaccumulation potential of MPEs in organisms of an aquatic food web were investigated.

Emerging investigator series: Phthalate esters are present at elevated concentrations in floor dust, and resuspension of dust represents a major source for human exposure to chemicals. Biodegradation of phthalates occurs in aquatic systems and soils but has not been demonstrated in house dust.

The g Emerging Investigator Series Best Papers – Environmental Science: Processes &.A summary of the acute toxicity of 14 phthalate esters to representative aquatic organisms. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. – 15 Suggatt, R. H.

and K. Foote Comprehensive review of acute aquatic toxicity data on phthalate esters. Contract SRC TR 81– Final Report. Syracuse Research Corporation, Syracuse, NY, USA. 16 Brooks.Abstract—The extensive database of acute and chronic aquatic toxicity data for 18 phthalate esters was reviewed and summarized for freshwater and saltwater aquatic microorganisms, algae, invertebrates, and fish.

Phthalate esters have been tested with six species of .